What Pet Blood Tests Reveal
When it comes to pet emergencies, a blood test is a critical part of diagnosis and treatment. It is necessary to detect certain conditions, such as heartworm or kidney disease, so the best treatment can be prescribed. Generally, there are two types of blood tests performed: a complete blood count (CBC) and a blood chemistry profile. Animal Emergency Hospital in Tulsa is equipped with an in-house laboratory, where we can perform both of these tests. Remember, we are open 24 hours a day, 7 days, if your pet is ever in need of emergency care. We are a Level II Certified VECCS facility, and our team is trained to treat your pet when it matters most.
Blood Chemistry Panel
A blood chemistry profile is a panel of tests that assess a pet’s organ function, hormone levels, electrolytes, and ore. Our Chem 15 CLIP blood chemistry analyzer can measure over a dozen components in the blood, including (but not limited to):
- ALB (albumin): serum protein made by the liver. Lower-than-normal levels may indicate liver or kidney disease.
- ALP (alkaline phosphatase): enzyme found in body tissue, including the liver and bones. A high ALP level may be a sign of liver damage or bone disorders. A low ALP level can indicate lymphoma or malnutrition.
- Ca (calcium): Deviations can indicate a variety of diseases. Tumors, hyperparathyroidism, kidney disease, and low albumin are just a few of the conditions that alter serum calcium.
- GLU (glucose): blood sugar. Elevated levels may indicate diabetes mellitus or stress. Low levels can cause collapse, seizures, or coma.
- Na (sodium): is an electrolyte lost with vomiting, diarrhea, and kidney or Addison’s diseases. This test also helps indicate hydration status.
- PHOS (phosphorous): mineral needed to help nerves function and repair bones. Elevations are often associated with kidney disease, hyperthyroidism, and bleeding disorders.
Complete Blood Count (CBC)
CBC is the most basic blood test, as it provides information on the types and quantities of platelets, red blood cells, and white blood cells. Typically, a CBC is indicated if an animal is ill and/or before anesthesia. The results a CBC can reveal the presence of more than a dozen conditions, including:
- Autoimmune diseases